Thursday, 30 August 2018

Jan Jan - Bakhshi Music from Turkmenistan - LP released in Soviet Turkmenistan in 1989

Here we start to post a series of three rare LPs of the music of the Bakhshis (bards) of Turkmenistan. Our friend Werner Durand contibuted these to our blog. Many thanks to him for his very generous sharing. In the future we will post more.
For more details on the music you can download the booklets to two CDs of Turkmen Bakhshis: Chants des femmes Bakhshi and Turkmen Epic Singing

In the past we had posted two cassettes with recordings from the Iranian part of Turkmenistan and a Japanese LP which had three recordings from Soviet Turkmenistan: see here.

Side 1:
Nuryagdı Bayramov - Vocal, Çarı Alladurdıev - Gidjak, Tagan Taganov - Dutar
1. Moy Oraz (muzıka nar.- Kemine)
2. Ne nujdayus v tebe (muzıka nar.- Zelili)
3. Agların (iz dastana «Zohre i Tahir»)
4. Jan - jan (iz dastana «Şasenem i Garib»)
5. Terekme (iz dastana «Zohre i Tahir») 

Side 2:
Annaseid Annamuradov - Dutar 
1. Taşgoldı
2. Uzor
3. Arzıman
4. Nar agajı
5. Gaşlı yar
6. Gorı (nar. melodii). 

One sees here, that on Side 1 in tracks 3 to 5 extracts from Dastans (Epics) are performed, namely the ones named "Zohre and Tahir" and "Şasenem and Gari". Dastan singing is the main art of the Bakhshis, but very often they sing also just songs or perform solo instrumental pieces on the Dotar as here on side 2. 
A Bakhshi is always accompanied by the Dotar, which he most times plays himself, and sometimes the ensemble is completed by a Gidjak, as here on side 1. It is the same instrument as the Iranian and Azerbaijani Kemencheh. The Bakhshis are often amazing virtuoso on the Dotar, a two-string long-necked lute, as here on side 2.

Monday, 27 August 2018

Iskhak Katayev - On the pages of Tajik Makoms - LP released in Soviet Tajikistan in 1983

Iskhak (Isoq or Isaac) Katayev (d. 2006) was a famous singer of the Shashmaqam of Bukhara. He belonged - as so many of the Shashmaqam singers - to the Jewish community and emigrated at the end of his life to the United States. Apparently he lived part of his life in Tajikistan.
In 2016 we had posted an Uzbek MP3-CD devoted to four Shashmaqam singers. Our singer here was one these four. See there for more information on the singer.
I saw him probably live as part of the Ilyas Malayev Ensemble at two concerts in Utrecht, Holland, at the Oude Music Festival, in the early or mid 1990s. I remember that at the day before they performed they were sitting right next to me in another concert. I was unable to figure out from which country they might come. And a big cloud of a strong fragrance sourronded them which I also couldn't figure out. Only a day later I learned that these were the musicians of the Uzbek Jewish Shashmaqam ensemble from Queens, N.Y. and that the fragrance came from smoking enormous amounts of cheap Russian cigarettes. This was quite an experience and so were also the two concerts: I never had heard Shashmaqam before and was very surprised at the sheer power and loudness of their voices. Very impressing. But I really fell strongly in love with this music only in 1998 at a tour of the Ari Babakhanov Ensemble through Holland and Belgium. With each concert my love for this music became stronger and after the last concert I was so sad that the tour was over.

Here the track info as found on

Side 1:
1. Nasrulloi (klassicheskaya melodiya - Dzhazbi)
2. Savti kalon (klassicheskaya melodiya - Soib)
3. Vospominaniye (muzyka nar.- Nazim, Nakis)

Side 2:
4. Ushshoki Samarkand (muzyka nar.-- Zebuniso)
5. YA schastliv (muzyka nar.- Dzh. Kuvnakov)
6. Kashkarchai mugulchai dugokh (klassicheskaya melodiya - P. Khisori)
7. Talkini ushshok (klassicheskaya melodiya - Khusayni)

Iskhak Katayev - tanbur,
Gafur Razykov - dutar,
Mikhail Katayev - doyra (3, 4),
Ensemble of National Instruments (1, 2, 5-7)

Most of the songs belong to the repertoire of Shashmaqam.

Friday, 24 August 2018

Makoms - From Uzbek People‘s Musical Legacy - Double LP released in Soviet Uzbekistan in 1984

Here a very interesting anthology of Makom traditions of Uzbekistan with older, partly very rare recordings from the years 1955 to 1984. The first LP is devoted to Shashmaqam. Side 3 has samples of the Makom tradition of Khorezm (finally) and side 4 has the one of the Ferghana Valley. A few of these recordings were already part of some of our older posts, namely the ones by the Shashmakom ensemble directed by Yunus Rajabi and the piece by Mamurjan Uzakov.
There are spoken comments in Uzbek introducing every track. We have posted two versions: one with the comments and another one without them.

Here the details from (with some corrections):

Makoms - From Uzbek People‘s Musical Legacy
Comments of F. Karamatov (in Uzbek) are read by M. Rakhimov

First disc - Side 1:
1. Bebochcha (Fuzuli) - Hadji Abdulaziz Rasulov
2. Tasnifi Buzruk
3. Garduii Buzruk
4. Mukhammasi Navo - 2., 3. & 4. Student ensemble of Makomistov of Tashkent State University Conservatory dir. by Abdurahim Hamidov
5. Sarakhbori Navo - Ensemble of the makomistov of the Uzbek Television and Radio dir. by Yunus Rajabi

Side 2:
1. Talqini Bayot, Tarona, Nasri Bayot (Sakkoki, Navoi, Babur) - Ensemble of the makomistov of the Uzbek Television and Radio dir. by Yunus Rajabi
2. Mugilchai Dugoh (Fuguri) - Domla Halim Ibadov (singing, doira), Shonazar Sahibov (tanbur)
3. Iroqi Bukhoro (Babur) - Ensemble of the makomistov of the Uzbek Television and Radio dir. by Yunus Rajabi

Second disc - Side 3:
1. Tani Makom (Ogakhi) - Kamiljan Ataniyazov (Komiljon Otaniyozov) (singing, tar), Abdusharif Atajanov (doira)
2. Talqin - Amiri-Hadjikhan Baltaev (Xozhixon Boltayev) (singing, dutar), Abdusharif Atajanov (doira)
3. Kazhang Suvor va tezgasi (Ogakhi) - Madrahim Matyakubov (singing, dutar)

Side 4:
4. Dugoh Husaini (Navoi) - Sharahim Shaumarov (singing, dutar)
5. Shakhnozi gulor (Mukimi) - Halima Nasyrova and Fatima Borukhova (singing), Turgun Alimatov (tanbur), Zakirjan Abidov (dutar)
6. Bayot III (Mukimi) - Mamurjan Uzakov, Ensemble of People's Instruments
7. Ushshoq (Navoi) - Yunus Rajabi, Ensemble of People's Instruments

Tuesday, 21 August 2018

Arifkhan Khatamov, Khakimdzhan Faiziyev & Akhrarkhon Khatamov ‎– Classical Songs of the Uzbek People - LP published in Soviet Uzbekistan in 1972

Here an LP by the great Arifkhan Khatamov (Orifxon Xatamov), the most important representative of the Maqom tradition of the Ferghana Valley of his generation. Unfortunately the LP came with a generic cover. We had posted in 2017, 2015 and 2012 already two MP3 CDs and some tracks found in the internet by the artist. The musicians here are: Arifkhan Khatamov (Vocal & Tanbur), Khakimdzhan Faiziyev (Vocal & Dotar) and Akhrarkhon Khatamov (Vocal).

Side 1: 
Mustaxzod (muz. nar.— Xuvajdo
Ulandan sur (muz. nar,— Amiri)
Karimkulʙegi, Kaşkarcai uşşok Sodirxon (muz. nar.— A. Navoi)

Side 2: 
Va'da ajlaʙ ( muz. nar.— Munis)
Guluzorim mening (A. Xatamov — A. Navoi)
Suvora (muz. nar.— A. Navoi)

Track details from

The words behind the titles mean first: music traditional (only on side 2 in track 2 the name of the composer is given: our singer A. Xatamov) and the second name is the name of the poet.

Saturday, 18 August 2018

Barno Ishakova (1927-2001) - B. Iskhakova sings Tajik songs - LP released in Tajikistan in 1973

Here we present an LP we recently aquired, unfortunately with a generic cover. But anyway, it is the first LP by this great artist we ever got. She is considered to be the greatest female voice in classic Uzbek and Tajik Shashmaqom music. Born in Uzbekistan she spend most of her life in Tajikistan. At the end of her life she emigrated to Israel. 
The very helpful discography at Catalog of Soviet Records gives the following details:

Barno Isxakova

Side 1:
Sinaxuruş (muz. nar.— Kooni);
Xikojat mekunad (N. Şaulov — Dƶami);
Navruzi saʙo (muz. nar.—Xafiz);

Side 2:
Mugulcai dujux (muz. nar.— Furugi);
Capandozi uşşok (muz. nar,— Maxfi);
Nasri uşşok (muz. nar.—Xafiz)

Most of the pieces are from the Shashmaqam. Noteworthy is that the poets are Persian ones like Hafiz (Xafiz) and Jami (Dzami). Tajik is a language close to Persian while Uzbek is one of the Central Asian Turkic languages. The difference between the classical repertoire in Uzbekistan and in Tajikistan is only that in Uzbekistan the poems are most times in Chagatai, a late medieval form of Uzbek, and in Tajikistan they are in Persian.

On our recent post on Traditional Music Of The Tajik People there was one track by Barno Ishakova. In 2012 and 2016 we posted already three releases by her. We see here again how differently her name can be transcribed.

Wednesday, 15 August 2018

Shashmaqam - A private CD from Tajikistan

Academy of Shashmaqam, Dushambe. From left to right you see here the three instruments: 
Dutar, Sato, Tanbur and behind the Doira.

Here a private CD of Shashmaqam from Tajikistan. My dear friend Danny obtained this CD years ago during his trip to Tajikistan. He had met there - I think during his stay in Dushambe, the capital of Tajikistan - a young man who spoke English well and Danny mentioned to him that he was searching for recordings of Shashmaqam. This young man told him that he could obtain some recordings for him. A couple of days later he gave him this CD without any further information.
It turned out that this was a MP3-CD containing around 5 hours of well recorded Shashmaqam. There are three groups of recordings, each containing three pieces: 

1. Mugulchai Buzruk
2. Mugulchai Dugoh
3. Mugulchai Irok

Savti (Sauti):
4. Savti Sarvinoz
5. Savti Hijoz
6. Savti Husayni

Silsilai Nav'i:
7. Silsilai Nav'i Makomi Segoh
8. Silsilai Nav'i Makomi Irok
9. Silsilai Nav'i Makomi Rost

Mugulchai and Savti are sections of Shashmaqam. The names after Mugulchai and Savti are the names of the Maqams to which they belong. Savti Sarvinoz is a section of Maqam Buzruk. I don't know to which Maqam the other two Savtis belong. All these are vocal pieces performed by either a female or male singer, accompanied by a small ensemble.
Silsilai Nav'i probably means "chain of melodies", which would mean then that these are a series of melodies belonging to the three Maqams mentioned. These are purely instrumental pieces.
The instruments are Sato, Tanbur, Dutar and Doira.
My guess is that all these pieces are performed by musicians of the Acadamy of Shashmaqam in Dushambe.

Here what a visitor of our blog, hk dutorchi, who had helped us before enormously, said on 21st of Sept. 2018:
"I spoke to Sirojiddin Juraev, the dutar player of the Academy of Maqom Ensemble. He confirmed that these are indeed the Ensemble's recordings. These are reference recordings made for students to learn the pieces, so they are sung intentionally with few ornements. In real performance there should be more.
With regards to the Savti Hijoz and Savti Husayni: they are two of the 12 sho'be (branches) that are meant to be "lost" sho'bes of the shashmaqom, which were recreated by the advanced students of the Academy of Shashmaqom. The Savti Hijoz is put under the maqom Segoh, and the Savti Husayni is under maqom Dugoh, both recreated by Xurshed Ibrohimov."
Thank you so much. This is a very valuable piece of information.

See on the Acadamy of Shashmaqam:

There are two CDs by the Acadamy of Shashmaqam: a wonderful 70 minutes Maqam-i Rast. Here you can download the booklet to this CD:
The other one was released in 2013 by Ocora - Radio France under the title: "Tadjikistan - Chants et musiques classiques".

In 2012 we had posted a complete Shashmaqam, recorded on 16 LPs in the early 1960s. See:
Over the years we had posted also a number of other Shashmaqam recordings. See:

As the original is in mp3 format we post here also only the original mp3 files.
Many thanks to Danny for his generosity.

Abduvali Abdurashidov, founder and director of the Acamedy of Shashmaqam

Sunday, 12 August 2018

Pamirian Tunes - Music from Badakhshan, Tajikistan - Double LP released in Soviet Tajikistan in 1978

Here we present an unfortunately incomplete rip of a double LP with music from Badakhshan in the Pamir mountains. Our friend Werner Durand discovered this double LP around 2000 in the collection of someone he used to know. He immediately copied these recordings on CD, or rather he copied as much as fitted on one CD. As he was at that time not that much into this music he didn't make an effort to copy the remaining part to another CD. So we have only 21 tracks out of a total of 27 tracks.
Two copies of this LP are available on Discogs, but the prices are too high for both of us. Unfortunately. But as the recordings are quite rare, we decided to post them as we have them. Perhaps in the future an affordable copy shows up.
This is authentic music of Badakhshan, whereas the music of our earlier post by Davlatmand Kholov is newly arranged music based on this music. This double LP seems to be the only one from the era of LPs. The CD age saw more than 10 CDs.

Here you can download the booklet to one of the first CDs published on the subject: 
See also: 

Many many thanks to Werner for sharing this.

Here the complete track list of this double LP,
taken from

Side 1:
1. Fallak, naigrysh
2. Fallak o Leyli i Medzhnune i Muzyka posle fallaka, naigrysh
3. Fallak o Pamire
4. Viloyatnoma
5. Staryy motiv (sl. Khoki)

Side 2:
6. Ruboi
7. Sanovbar dukhtari chakon
8. Fallak o lyubvi, razluke i rabote
9. Khalo-mo, ruboi
10. Vatan (sl. T. Pulodi)
11. Raznovidnosti napevov-naigryshey fallaka
12. Pamirskiy tanets
13. Ruboyot khalke

Navrussho Kurbonsaidov — tutuk (1); Kalador Rakhmatbekov — peniye i tambur (2), pamirskiy rubob (11); Murodali Safoyev — peniye (3—5), gidzhak (3), pamirskiy rubob (4), kumry (5); Aklimo Aydarbekova — peniye (6—8, 10), doyra (6—10); Shirimo Nazarmamedova — peniye (9—10); Masayn Masaynov — peniye (13), masrud (12, 13)

Side 3:
1. Privetstvennyye ritmy doyr
2. Khushomodi
3. Duduvik
4. Pesnya Dzhami
5. Pesnya Dzhami, variant
6. Svadebnyy tanets i Sho muborak

Side 4:
7. Lalaik bartangskiy
8. Lalaik shugnanskiy
9. Be parvo fallak (sl. K. Shugnoni)
10. Talkyny kuiston, naigrysh
11. Ruboi
12. Kudzho Meravi
13. Dargilik
14. Dargilik i Dargil'modik

Ansambl' doyristok (1), Navrussho Kurbonsaidov — peniye (2, 8, 9, 11, 12), tar (2, 10), vysokiy rubob (3, 4, 11), sitor (8), tambur (9), dutor (12); Murodali Safoyev — peniye i pamirskiy rubob (5), peniye i gidzhak (14); muzhskoy vokal'nyy ansambl', trio doyr (6); Kalador Rakhmatbekov — peniye i pamirskiy rubob (7); Masayn Masaynov — sitor (13)

I don't know which ones from the track list we have in our post. I guess the last ones are missing.

We copied the scans from:

Monday, 6 August 2018

Traditional Music Of The Tajik People - Anthology: Musical Art of the Peoples of the USSR - Double LP released in the Soviet Republic of Tajikistan in 1985

Here we present an interesting double LP of Tajik music. It contains on the first two sides religious and folk music. In most cases I know too little of the music to say what kind of genre it is.
On side 3 there are first one or two pieces of folk music, then some classical instrumental pieces and the last piece is supposed to be by a famous Hafiz (bard), unfortunately in a blown up version where a chorus and percussions usurp the main part, which normally have nothing to do in this music. Sharif Juraev sings only a couple of seconds in the very beginning. Typical bad outcome of cultural politics, which occured not only in Soviet times, but still today. On side 4 there is finally Shashmaqom music. 
Unfortunately there are not many releases of Tajik music available, a few of Shashmaqom and quite a number of CDs of the music of Badakhshan. As far as I know only one or two CDs of the music of the bards (Hafiz) exist.
This anthology is prepared jointly with the Folklore Comission of the USSR Composers' Union. Recordings done in 1954, 1967-1983. Manufactured at the Tashkent pressing plant. Pressed in 2000 copies.

Saturday, 4 August 2018

Tanburi Abdi Coşkun - Tanbur Taksimleri - Cassette released in Turkey in the 1980s or 1990s

Here we present excellent recordings by the great Tanbur player Abdi Coşkun. Unfortunately one doesn't find much information on him in the internet except that he was born in 1941 and that he was a student of the great Tanbur master Necdet Yaşar, himself a student Mesut Cemil Bey, the son of Tanburi Cemil Bey. In the booklet to the CD "Turquie - L'art du tanbur ottoman" (VDE-586), which is devoted to the plucked Tanbur, played by Abdi Coşkun, and the bowed Tanbur, played by Fahreddin Çimenli, the author Kudsi Erguner writes that Abdi Coşkun "has distinguished himself by his noble and creative style situated halfway between that of his master and the more traditional one of the famous Izzeddin Ökte." 
There is a biography in Turkish in the internet, which the Google Translator translates unfortunately into quite some nonsense.
The Turkish Tanbur is considered the most important and most noble instrument of Ottoman music. In each generation in the last century there have been only very few great masters of this difficult instrument.

On the instrument see: 

This cassette finishes quite abruptly on side B. We have made the end a little bit more smooth by creating a short fade out.

In 2011 we had posted from the same series a cassette by the great Kemence master Hasan Esen.


About Izzeddin (Izzettin) Ökte (1910-1991)

Izzeddin Ökte was a famous Tanbur player who represented an old, very traditional style of Tanbur playing. His music was free of influences of the great Tanburi Cemil Bey (1873-1916), who was a very inspired musician with limitless creativity, who not only left an immense influence on Ottoman classical music, but also on many Arabic musicians of several generations. There are a number of CDs available by him. Recently a box of 10 CDs, 1 LP and a book was released by Kalan.
Izzeddin Ökte kept to the old art of Taksim playing and was and is only known to few connoiseurs. I remember still very vividly my first encounter with his music. In the mid 1980s I was in a Turkish bookshop in Berlin Kreuzberg and there was playing wonderful Tanbur music. I asked the owner if this music was for sale. He said that these were his private recordings and showed me a set of two cassettes by Izzeddin Ökte, published by an institution of music lovers in Istanbul. I never was able to obtain these recordings. Much later I discovered on a Turkish website (probably by the same institution of music lovers) these recordings as commercial downloads. But I was not able to download them as one needed apparently a Turkish bank card. See here for the first cassette and the second cassette.
In the meantime there are quite a number of recordings by him on YouTube, also partly those from the two cassettes. Here two beautiful longer collections of his music which I discovered a few days ago:

Wednesday, 1 August 2018