Sunday, 16 July 2017

Muhammad Sabsadi - Cithare Classique - Qanun - Liban - Arabesques No. 2 - LP published in France in 1974

We post here four volumes of the excellent series "Arabesques" by Jean-Claude Chabrier, published in a first series in 1974 (volumes 1 to 5) and a second series in 1979 (volumes 6 to 10). In 2011 we had already posted the No. 9 by the outstanding Turkish Ney player Hayri Tümer (see here).
Our very dear blogger colleague Bolingo posted the first complete series of five LPs already in 2010 (see here). We post three of them here again, completed with wave files and scans of the insides of the gatefold albums. 
The series is devoted to the art of Taqsim, the classical instrumental improvisation on a given Maqam in Classical Arab music. The vol. 9 is devoted to Taqsims in classical or rather mystical (Sufi) music in Turkey and the vol. 10 to a long instrumental improvisation of Iranian Dastgah music, to round off the picture of solo instrumental improvisations in Near Eastern and Middle Eastern classical musical traditions.
In the future we might post some more volumes.

Tuesday, 11 July 2017

Muhamad Qadri Dalal - Alep - Syrie - Improvisations au Luth - LP published in France in 1986

Here an LP by the well-known master of the 'Ud, well-known through his participation in the famous Al Kindi Ensemble, which toured Europe and other parts of the world extensively and published quite a number of CDs, mostly accompanying legendary singers like Sabri Moudallal, Adib al-Dayikh and Hamza Shakkur. He also has a solo CD released by the Inédit label (see here).

Thursday, 6 July 2017

Salah Abd al-Hayy (1896-1962) - Lih Ya Binafsaj (Why are you pale?) - LP published in Egypt

Salah Abd al-Hayy was the last outstanding Egyptian singer of classical Arabic music as it was performed around the turn of the century by great singers like Yūsuf al-Manyalāwī (1847-1911), his uncle ‘Abd al-Ḥayy Ḥilmī (1857-1912) and Sayyid al-Ṣaftī (1875-1939). During his lifetime Egytian music went through quite drastic changes, personified by the famous Om Kalthoum. Salah Abd al-Hayy seems to have been the only singer who refused the huge orchestras of the time and stuck to the small classical arab ensemble, the Takht, consisting of 'Ud, Qanun, Ney, violin, and one or two percussionists.
He also stuck to the classic Wasla (Maqam suite) consisting of a metrical introduction, a Taqsim (non-metrical instrumental improvisation on 'Ud or Qanun), a Layali (a great non-metrical vocal improvisation supported by an 'Ud or Qanun) and some metrical compositions at the end.
Unfortunately this music seems hardly to exist since after his death anymore in Egypt, except in a very marginal way. See for example the beautiful piece by Ibrahim El-Haggar here. We will post a broadcast by him in the future.
Here we present an old LP - I have no idea when it was released: maybe in the 1950s or 1960s - with one of his well-known compositions in the Wasla format. The piece covers both sides.
"Born in Cairo to a family of musicians (his uncle was ̕Abd al-Hay Hilmî), he was trained with the Sahbageyya groups and then with the Muhammad ̕ Umar and ̕Ali al-Rashidi groups. He started his career with his uncle’s repertoire. He reached his glory in the middle of the 1920s. His powerful and moving voice made him the last brilliant representative of the Khedivial aesthetics in its improvising dimension. An ardent defender of the takht, he was the first singer broadcasted on national radio in May 1934 without, however, renewing his repertoire."

Around 15 or 20 years ago there existed some (I think 4) CDs by him, manufactured by the Saudi Arabian CD company Sidi. Nowadays one can't find them anymore anywhere.
But in the internet one can find many recordings by him: on all the downloading and streaming sites (Amazon, Deezer, Qobuz (flac format) etc.) and also on YouTube, especially if one puts in his name with arabic letters: صالح عبد الحي 
About the artist see:

A few years ago a wonderful set of four CDs by his uncle Abd Al-Hayy Hilmi was published. It can be obtained from:

Abd Al-Hayy Hilmi (1857-1912) (Vocal) – An Anthology – Une Anthologie, Set of 4 CDs containing 45 recordings + 1 booklet in English, French and Arabic,
CD 1: Odeon 1903-1910 - Dawr - 'ahd el-ekhewwa (7:45), Dawr - gaddedi ya nafsi hazzek (7:15), Dawr - sallemte ruhak (6:56), Muwashshah - ya nahif al-qawam (3:46), Muwashshah - waghak mushriq (3:50), Taqtuqa - 'amara ya'ammura (4:05), Dawr - el-hobbe sabbahni'adam (7:35), Dawr - enta farid fel-hosn (7:00), Dawr - el-hosn ana'eshe'to (10:52), Dawr - fe maglis el-'ons el-hani (6:07), Dawr - bustan gamalak (9:37).
CD 2: Zonophone / Early Gramophone 1906-1909 - Dawr - el-bolbol gani (9:37), Dawr - ahin en-nafs (15:52), Dawr - ana 'a'sha'fi zamani (9:36), Dawr - el-warde fo' wagnat bahiyy el-gamal (12:49), Muwashshah - atani zamani (10:26), Dawr - la ya en (9:01), Mawwal - ya mufrad el-ghid (4:29), Qasida 'ala l-wahda - fa-ya muhgati dhubi gawan (4:26).
CD 3: Late Gramophone (1909-1910) - Taqsim layali, taqtuqa - 'idil-yamin (9:04), Taqtuqa - ya nakhleten fel-'alali (4:38), Taqsim layali, mawwal - ya hadiya l-'is (8:44), Muwashshah - nahat fa-'agabtuha (4:40), Muwashshah - hati ayyuha s-saqi (4:05), Qasida 'ala l-wahda - a-saqiyaya 'a-khamrun fi ku'usikuma (3:55), Taqsim layali, mawwal - la tehsibu inn el-be'ad (4:04), Dawr - el''albe dab es'efini (8:07), Taqsim layali, mawwal - sahi l-gefun (4:18), Mawwal - amr el-gharam (4:03), Taqsim layali, qasida mursala - lla muhayyaka nuru l-badr (8:16), Dawr - min habbak 'awla be-'urbak (6:19), Qasida 'ala l-wahda - a-la fi sabili l-lah (6:26).
CD 4: Baidaphone 1911-1912 - Qasida 'ala-wahda - shakawtu fa-qalat (4:14), Qasida mursala - a-lasta wa'adtani (4:14), Qasida 'ala l-wahda - araka 'asiyya d-dam'i (8:09), Mawwal - sabah es-sabah (4:07), Qasida mursala - 'umri 'alayka tashawwuqan (3:47), Dawr - ma-ahebbe gherak (10:45), Mawwal - ya di 'l-gamal wed-dalal (3:18), Muwashshah - ya laylu 'inna l-habiba wafa & muwashshah - gusnu banin gabinuhu (7:01), Du'a - ye'ish khedewi masr (7:18), Dawr - ya masr' unsek 'al (4:00), Muwashshah - ya akhal el-'en (4:13), Qasida mursala - tih dalalan (4:01), Dawr - maliki ana 'abdak (7:20), AMAR - Foundation for Arab Music Archiving and Research
”Abd al-Hayy Hilmi, a talismanic artist in a non-conformist style of the Arab intellectual and cultural renaissance (the Nahda). At the turn of the 20th century, he was the king of Tarab (music). He was maverick in life, just like the way he sang. His personal versions of the songs that were the most performed are surprisingly outspoken and free, illustrated by immediate compositional improvisation. We present in this box set of 4 Cds, including 45 recordings featuring all the styles Hilmi sang in and which further represent different periods covering all the facets of this great singer’s artistry.
Abd al-Hay Hilmî, a seductive dandy, was the spoiled child of Egyptian high society at the turn of the century. He was noted for his odd manners; he would leave a concert he was hired for if he failed to notice a pleasant looking face, be it male or female, in the audience, and preferred to sing for handsome strangers. An obsessive drinker, he would also use various drugs to reach the state of saltana necessary to unleash his extemporizing creativity. He ended up worn by his excesses, which caused him an angina pectoris, and he died whilst drunken in Alexandria after a feast of sea turtle.
A whimsical character in his life, as well as in his art, he was often summing up the introduction and livening up the composed thread of the melody. He would neglect entire sections so as to privilege one verse, one standstill in a particular modal color to which he added a tragic and hallucinated touch, displaying a wide range of virtuosic effects expressing emotions, shifting from long melodic phrases to a jerky staccato, interrupting the instruments with another dramatic piece of embroidery over the heady main theme. A self-taught artist in learned tradition, Abd al-Hay Hilmî insisted on ignoring the rules. His well-known lack of respect for rhythm and composition made him an easy target for harsh criticism from rigorists who were subjugated by Western patterns with their sanctification of the composer’s role. His passion naturally finds its best expression in mawawil, where non metrical improvisation is the only rule. In this field, he remains unmatchable.
A successful record-selling artist, he was first hired by Zonophone in 1906 cutting his best discs ever inspite of poor technical quality. He then collaborated with the record companies installed in Egypt until his death, often recording the same works many times a year for the British Gramophone, Odeon and Baidaphon. A prodigal sybarite, he would receive from the companies important amounts of money, squander it and then be forced to repay his debts in terms of recordings. This is why, once, he mischievously added at the end of a qasîda rimed curses against the Gramophone Company, that went unnoticed.”

Wednesday, 5 July 2017


Here an importent release which might have gone unnoticed by many music lovers. It contains, amongst other jewels, two and half CDs by the great master of Iraqi Maqam Muhammad al-Qubbanji.

CONGRÈS DE MUSIQUE ARABE DU CAIRE 1932 - THE CAIRO CONGRESS OF ARAB MUSIC 1932 - Coffret 18 CD avec livret trilingue français, anglais et arabe de 256 pages - Box of 18 CDs with a book of 256 pages in French, English and Arabic - Sous la direction de Jean Lambert et de Pascal Cordereix, Texte original de Bernard Moussali, Restauration sonore par Luc Verrier, CDs 1 to 10: Egypt, CDs 11 to 13: Mashriq (Near East), CDs 14 to 18: Maghreb (North Africa), LA BIBLIOTHÈQUE NATIONALE DE FRANCE
This box can be obtained from for € 199,00 including postage.
"Le Congrès du Caire de 1932 est un mythe pour tous les chercheurs et les amateurs de la musique arabe en particulier et de la musique en général. Rares étaient ceux qui avaient, jusqu’à cette édition, accès à ces enregistrements. Après un important travail de restauration du son effectué dans ses studios, la BnF, en collaboration avec l’émirat d’Abou Dhabi, et sous la direction scientifique de Jean Lambert (Centre de recherche en ethnomusicologie), publie l’intégralité des enregistrements du Congrès du Caire, authentique document d’archives sonores de plus de dix-huit heures de musique, soit 18 disques compacts accompagnés d’un livret descriptif de 256 pages. 
Le Congrès de musique arabe qui s’est tenu au Caire en mars-avril 1932 a fait date dans l’histoire de la musique au XXe siècle. Première manifestation scientifique d’envergure consacrée à des musiques non occidentales, il a permis la rencontre entre musicologues occidentaux et orientaux. Il est le premier congrès de musicologie à consacrer une part importante de ses travaux à l’enregistrement sonore d’interprétations de référence. C’est dans ce cadre que la filiale égyptienne de la firme His Master’s Voice de la Gramophone anglaise enregistre 334 faces de disques 78 tours, enregistrements non destinés à l'époque à une diffusion commerciale. Quatre-vingt-deux ans plus tard, l’art et le savoir de grands musiciens du monde arabe deviennent accessibles.
Il s’agit de la première manifestation scientifique d’envergure consacrée à des musique savantes non occidentales. Le Roi Farouck d’Egypte avait confié l’organisation au musicologue Franco-Britannique Le Baron Rodolphe François d’Erlanger. Ce congrès du Caire 1932 à fait date dans l’histoire de la musiques du XX siècle."
It is for the first time that the complete recordings of this historical event are published. In the 1990s there existed 5 CDs (Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia & Iraq) published by Club du Disque Arabe and a double CD published by Institut du Monde Arabe. These are no longer available for more than 10 or 15 years. This is truly an outstanding publication for lovers of classical Arab music.

Sunday, 2 July 2017

Iraq - Makamat par l'Ensemble Al Tchālghī Al Baghdādī et Yusuf Omar (1918-1987) – LP published in France in 1972

Yusuf Omar was, next to Muhammad al-Qubbanji, the greatest Maqam singer of the past century in Iraq. This singer and especially this recording is the crown of Iraqi Maqam music and Maqam music in general. I discovered this great singer and this great musical tradition with this LP shortly after it was released. It was amongst the very first LPs - I think the second - of Arabic music I have. This LP was later released as a CD with an additional track, unfortunately no longer available for many years.
The scans of the booklet inside this gatefold LP I took from an earlier post of this LP somewhere in the internet. I don't remember anymore where that was.

In 1995 a fantastic double CD was published by Inédit - Maison des Cultures du Monde in Paris. It can be obtained from their website: 
In the booklet to this double CD one can find good information about this tradition and the singer and his musicians. This booklet can be downloaded here.