Friday, 7 October 2016

Mirror and Song - A collection of 28 cassettes of regional and religious music of Iran published in Iran, recorded in 1994 - Cassette 20: Music from Kurdistan

Side A & Side B:
Music from Kurdistan - Sanandaj
Qaderiyye Khaneqah Ritual
Khalife Haj Mirza Aqa Ghowsi

This cassette has been published on CD in 2015 with a good booklet in English and Farsi by Mohammad-Reza Darvishi:

Khalife Hâj Mirzâ Âqâ Ghowsi (Vocal & Daf) & Qâderi Sufi Music Ensemble of Kurdistan - Qâderiyye Khaneqah Rituals, Sanandaj, Kurdistan - Regional Music of Iran 56: The Zekrs of Qâderiyye Khâneqâh in Sanandaj - The group of Great Dervishes from Sheykh Mohammad Kasnazâni’s Qâderiyye (59:13), MAHOOR, M.CD-433
"Qâderiyye, one of the most important Sufi orders, is ascribed to Abdulqâder Gilâni (Jilâni) and has many followers in Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Syria, and a vast area from India to North Africa and even Eastern Europe. Their main center is in Kurdistan, Iran. Their followers in Iran are in Kermânshâh, Baluchestân, and several other places.
Zekr ritual takes place on Monday and Thursday nights in Khâneqâh. Dervishes enter the place after having Vozu (partial ablution); they perform a two-Rak’at prayer called Tahiyyat (in order to respect the place), they kiss the flag and the Qurân of the Khâneqâh (in order to consecrate themselves); they shake hands with the khalife, who is the conductor of the ritual, then sit down, and start reciting the rosary . After half an hour panegyrists begin to play the daf and sing songs praising God, Prophet Mohammad, his descendants and other saints. At this moment the dervishes go into trance and they all get enthusiastic, this takes almost half an hour. Then they say a Salavât (prayers for praising God, Prophet Mohammad, and his descendants) and they all sit on their knees in a circle and start saying Zekr or Tahlil. At this stage, all the dervishes and the khalife repeatedly say the following zekrs: Lâ elâha ellallâh, Astaqfirullâh, Yâ Hu, Yâ Hayy, Yâ Qayyum, Yâ Dâ ’em.This step also takes half an hour. Then it’s time to say Qiyâm Zekr (prayers while standing up) or Samâ’ when the dervishes uncover the heads to let their long hair swirl from one side to the other, and along with the daf and tâs music they start saying Zekr-e Hayyallâh , and gradually reach the state of ecstasy. While saying Qiyâm Zekr, the dervishes ask for the khalife’s permission to do some extraordinary things, such as eating glass, blade or stone; pricking their bodies on daggers, skewers, or any other sharp metals, etc. This part ends with praying and reciting Fâtehah.
Qâderiyye followers also perform Samâ’ with daf and tâs music on some other occasions, such as welcoming the Order’s sheykhs, promoting the Order out of the Khâneqâh, and performing some holy rituals like “Pir Shâliyâr” in Orâmân.
Daf: The daf is the main musical instrument for the rituals in Qâderiyye Khâneqâh in Kurdistan. Although the musical culture of Iran’s different areas is very much entangled with the daf, its association with Kurdistan -at least after Qâderiyye Order was established by Sheykh Abdulqâder Gilâni ( 471-561 Ah), and because of the Order’s followers particular use of this instrument - has been even more significant. The daf has been given the following names in different areas of Iran through time: Dap, Bâter, Dezire, Dub, Dâyere (and different altered dialectical forms like Dâriye, Diyâre, and Dayare). In Arabic language it is known as Sammâ, Qarbâl, Qarbil, Bandir, Teriyâl, and Mezhar. Doff in Arabic, Dap in Persian, or Daf as it is commonly called these days, along with all the above mentioned names, all refer to the same musical instrument that was named differently in each area and period of time.
Ritual Performers: Khalife Hâj Mirzâ Âqâ Ghowsi: leader, solo singer, and daf player, Abdorrahmân and Alirezâ Ghowsi: daf players and zâkers, Hoseyn Moshiri, Tofiq Behjuri, Azizollâh Gerâmiparvar, Abdullâh Pazhuhande, Mohammad Ahmadi, Heydar Khedri, Aziz Qassâbi, Ali Shâhpasande, Mohammad Bivâre, Rashid Balâyi, Nasrollâh Oliâyi and Sâleh Ja’fari: Zâkers." Mohammad-Rezâ Darvishi
Excellent, recorded in 1994.
Khalife Hâj Mirzâ Âqâ Ghowsi was a well-known performer already present on the double CD 'Kurdistan – Zikr et chants' by Jean During, published by Ocora – Radio France in 1994 (out of print for years), There are also two ealier CDs from Mahoor. See below. 

And one with a strong Dhikr by another Khalife:

As always, all these CDs can be obtained from:  

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